USA JAMAICA, Roots of Ska 1942-1962

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USA JAMAICA, Roots of Ska 1942-1962

Rhythm and Blues Shuffle

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There are many mysteries surrounding the origins of ska, the famous music-style born in Kingston in 1962, but this Bruno Blum selection puts an end to all the speculation. Ska and its signature offbeat (which later surfaced in reggae) derived from the little-known Ame rican R&B style called shuffle.
This anthology has some dazzling illustrations of it, from the obscure, original version of the hit “My Boy Lollipop” to the classic song “Just a Gigolo” - as well as 27 shuffles recorded in Jamaica just before the creation of ska, not to mention some early Bob Marley - this is the original sound of Jamaican dancehall.

Patrick FRÉMEAUX

ART DIRECTION : BRUNO BLUM
RIGHTS : DP / FREMEAUX & ASSOCIES

Format: CD Box

CD1 : USA 1942-1950 : IT’S A LOW-DOWN DIRTY SHAME - LOUIS JORDAN • G.I. JIVE - LOUIS JORDAN • CHOO CHOO CH’BOOGIE - LOUIS JORDAN • BOOGIE WOOGIE BLUE PLATE - LOUIS JORDAN • ROCK BOTTOM - GENE PHILLIPS • T-BONE SHUFFLE - T-BONE WALKER • KILLER DILLER (MILK LANE HOP) - GENE COY • REET PETITE AND GONE - LOUIS JORDAN • WILLIE MAE - PROFESSOR LONGHAIR • PAGE BOY SHUFFLE - TODD RHODES • SPOON CALLS HOOTIE - JIMMY WITHERSPOON • IF IT’S SO BABY - THE ROBINS • ROCKIN’ AT HOME - FLOYD DIXON • BOOGIE GUITAR (THREE GUITARS) - THE JOHNNY OTIS SHOW • SAN DIEGO BOUNCE (COXSONE SHUFFLE) - HAROLD LAND • BEEN FOOLING AROUND - PROFESSOR LONGHAIR • STACK-A-LEE (PART 2) – ARCHIBALD • LATER FOR THE GATOR (COXSONE HOP) - WILLIS “GATOR” JACKSON • STREET WAL KIN’ WOMAN - T-BONE WALKER • TEND TO DO BUSINESS - JAMES “WEE WILLIE” WAYNE • TRAIN TIME BLUES - ROY BROWN • NO MORE DOGGIN’ - ROSCO GORDON • MY DING-A-LING - DAVE BARTHOLOMEW.

CD 2 : USA & JAMAICA 1950-1962 : LOVERS LANE BOOGIE - LITTLE ESTHER • I FOUND OUT MY TROUBLES - THE ROBINS • ROCKIN’ THE BLUES AWAY - TINY GRIMES • ROCK THIS MORNING - JESSE ALLEN • CHICKEN BLUES - BILL BROWN • ROCKIN’ ALL DAY - JIMMY MCCRACKLIN • GUITAR SHUFFLE - LOWELL FULSON • YOU’RE NOT THE ONE - SMILEY LEWIS • HEY BARTENDER - FLOYD DIXON • YOU UPSET ME, BABY - B.B. KING • HOT LITTLE MAMA - JOHNNY “GUITAR” WATSON • GETTIN’ DRUNK - JOHNNY “GUITAR” WATSON OOP SHOOP - SHIRLEY GUNTER AND THE QUEENS • HEY HEY GIRL - ROSCO GORDON • TOO TIRED - JOHNNY “GUITAR” WATSON • MY BOY LOLLIPOP - BARBIE GAYE • JUST A GIGOLO/I AIN’T GOT NOBODY - LOUIS PRIMA • SEA CRUISE - FRANKIE FORD • I FEEL GOOD - OWEN GRAY • THE JOKER - THE DUKE REID GROUP • GREASY - JACKIE MCLEAN • DUKE’S COOKIES - THE DUKE REID GROUP • JUDGE NOT - BOB MARLEY.

CD 3 : JAMAICA 1956-1962 : • ROCKING IN MY FEET - OWEN GRAY • SILKY - CLUE J AND HIS BLUES BLASTERS • YA RD BROOM - ROLAND ALPHONSO •  JAPA NESE GIRL - LLOYD CLARKE • THAT MAN IS BACK - DON DRUMMOND • ONE CUP OF COFFEE - BOB MARLEY • MIDNIGHT TRACK - OWEN GRAY • ME AND MY FORTY FIVE - ERIC “MONTY” MORRIS • MAGIC - RICO RODRIGUEZ • COOL SCHOOL - CHUCK AND DOBBY • BRIDGEVIEW SHUFFLE - MATADOR ALL STARS • THAT’S ME - THEOPHILUS BECKFORD • AFRICAN SHUFFLE - COUNT OSSIE AND THE WAREIKAS • OVER THE RIVER - THE JIVING JUNIORS • I LOVE YOU - WINSTON & BARBARA • LUKE LANE SHUFFLE - RICO RODRIGUEZ • BOUNCING WOMAN - LAUREL AITKEN AND THE BLUE BEATS • STEW PEAS AND CORNFLAKES - AUBREY ADAMS & RICO RODRIGUEZ • ROSABELLE - CORNELL CAMPBELL • I WAS WRONG - CHUCK & DOBBY • WHAT A WORLD - BUSTY & COOL • TEN VIRGINS - THE ANGELIC BROTHERS • JAMAICA BLUES - AZIE LAWRENCE

Press:

- « This is the collection to get » by Echoes
There’s a surfeit of albums compiling Jamaican rhythm and blues sides from the late fifties and early sixties, and even more devoted to music made by their American counterparts. Rarely do you find a triple CD set like this that combines both, and wich gives us a taste of how Jamaican audiences would have experienced the music back then so if you’ve always wondered what it must have been like in a dance when the likes of Coxsone and Duke Reid were slugging it out on rival sound-systems, this is the collection to get. Key names include Louis Jordan, T Bone Walker, Professor Longhair, Jimmy Witherspoon, Johnny Otis and Willis ‘Gator’ Jackson, whose Later For The Gator served as Coxsone’s secret weapon after he scratched the name off the label and spun it a Downbeat sessions. Johnny ‘Guitar’ Watson is one of the star attractions on Disc Two – an honour shared with BB King, Lowell Fulson and Barbie Gaye, whose original cut of My Boy Lollipop has none of the fizz and exuberance of Millie’s version. You’ve got to hear it though, if only to appreciate what those early Jamaican artists and musicians brought to the table, and how they took the American influence and expanded upon it in their opwn unique way. Disc Three is entitled Jamaica 1956-1962 and whilst the names of the performers may prove a little more familiar to ska and early reggea fans, the selection includes many lesser-known sides. Personnal favourites include Eric « Monty  Morris » Me And My Forty Five, Count Ossie’s African Shuffle, the Angelic Brothers’ Ten Virgins, the Jiving Juniors’ Over The River and a catchy little ditty called One Cup Of Coffee, by the then relatively unknown Bob Marley. A 30 page booklet written in both English and French by compiler Bruno Blum will help guide you through how the music developped and tell you something about the principal characters, adding to the wealth of entertainment found on the actual discs. John MASOURI-ECHOES

- “69 tracks that influenced Jamaican music and fed it into ska” by Blues & Rhythm
Divided into three CDs respectively subtitled ‘USA 1942-1950’, ‘USA & Jamaica 1950-1962’ and ‘Jamaica 1956-1962’, this set has 69 tracks, all of them with the characteristic shuffle that influenced Jamaican music and fed into ska. The collection opens with four titles by Louis Jordan before moving on to the likes of Gene Philips, T-Bone Walker, Archibald, The Robins, Floyd Dixon and of course Rosco Gordon. Some of these American titles also have the title they were given by Jamaican sound system operators in parentheses too – for example, Gene Coy’s ‘Killer Diller’ was known as ‘Milk Lane Hop’ and most famously, Willis ‘Gator’ Jackson’s ‘Later For The Gator’ was called ‘Coxsone Hop’, with Jamaican record man (and soundman Coxsone Dodd’s biggest rival) Duke Reid taking years to track down the original record due to the subterfuge. Professor Longhair’s primitive sounding ‘Willie Mae’ reminds me strongly of footage I saw of Jamaican pianist Theophilus ‘Easy Snappin’ Beckford a decade or so ago. The second CD contains mostly American material, including three tracks by Johnny ‘Guitar’ Watson and Barbie Gaye’s original of ‘My Boy Lollipop’, Louis Prima and Frankie Ford. The last few numbers shift to Jamaican material from Owen Gray. The Duke Reid Group, and this disc closes with Bob Marley’s first recording, which might just be there for commercial considerations as it does not really fit the theme – however, it does certainly not interrupt the flow, so perhaps I am being a little harsh on this ska item. American jazz saxophonist Jackie McLean’s 1959 Blue Note recording of ‘Greasy’ also seemed out of place, on looking at the track-listing anyway, though it fits snugly once heard. It also had me racking my brain trying to remember who once told me that Jamaicans in early 60s London used to dance to Blue Note material – I still can’t recall for sure but I think it was Gary Crosby, acclaimed U.K.bassist, leader of the big band Jazz Jamaica and a nephew of top Jamaican guitarist, Ernest Ranglin. The final disc consists entirely of Jamaican material, and although a few of the titles are familiar from reissues, the majority are not. Most still fit relatively easy into the ‘r&b’ definition but the march towards ska is audible, though there are still plenty of items harking back to ’50s styles. Back in the early ‘80s it was quite easy to pick up new Jamaican pressed 45s of many of  the American titles includes here at Camden Market in north London. Whilst there is an increasing amount of Jamaican r&b becoming available, this is still well worth considering due to the strength of the first rate selection.
By Norman DARWEN – BLUES & RHYTHM

- « This excellent 3-CD set gets right to the heart of the matter » by Mojo (UK)
As is well documented, Jamaican ska drew heavily on the rhythm and blues of black America, most notably the New Orleans variant (wich echoed Carribean cadences), and the jump blues that formed rock’n’roll’s direct precursor. This excellent 3-CD set gets right to the heart of the matter, tracing ska’s growth from distant blues inspiration, thanks to the sound systems’ championing of delights like Gene Coy’s Killer Diller, Harold Land’s San Diego Bounce and Willis Jackson’s Later For Gator, all included here. Louis Jordan, Professor Longhair and T-Bone Walker provide the blues foundation on CD1, Jimmy McCrackin, Johnny ‘Guitar’ Watson and Rosco Gordon pave the way for Jamaican inspiration on CD2, before Owen Gray, Monty Morris and various Skatalites pick up the action on CD3, heralding the arrival of a home-grown Jamaican music industry. David KATZ – MOJO (UK)

- “There are plenty of instrumentals” par Pipeline
(Frémeaux FA5396) is also a various artists collection – three CDs this time – looking at Jamaican music’s roots in shuffle and including both American and Jamaican rhythm and blues. There are plenty of instrumentals, 15 in all, with many hot horn blasters like Todd Rhodes’ “Page Boy Shuffle”, guitar workouts such as Lowell Fulson’s “Guitar Shuffle” and Johnny Otis’s incredible “Boogie Guitar”, and more specifically Jamaican (though still strongly blues-based) numbers including Count Ossie’s “ African Shuffle”
Par Norman DARWEN - PIPELINE

 

Credits :

Ollie Shepard , Louis Jordan , D. Darling , V. Horton, Joe Bushkin , Newman , Gene Philips , Aaron Thibaut , T-bone Walker , Gene Coy , S. Lee , R. Byrd , Professor Longhair , Henry Glover , Todd Rhodes , Jimmy Witherspoon , Leonard Terrel , The Robins , Jay Riggins , Floyd Dixon , Veliotes , The Johnny Otis Show , Harold Land , Gross , Archibald , W. Jackson , Willis Gator Jackson , Walker T-bone , Wayne , James Wayne , R. Brown , Roy Brown , R. Gordon , Rosco Gordon , Julius Bihari, Dave Bartholomew , Inconnu , Little Esther , Tiny Grimes , Allen Jesse Lery , Jesse Allen , R.l. Williams , Bill Brown , J. Mccracklin , Jimmy Mccrackin , Lowell Fulson , Smiley Lewis , Doosie Terry , B.b. King , Bb King , J. Taub, Johnny Watson , Maxwell Davis, Shirley Gunter , Shirley Gunter And The Queens , B. Taylor, Spencer , Spencer Bobby , Roberts, J. Brammer , Louis Prima , S. Williams, Huey Smith , Francis Guzzo , Owen Gray , Ernest Ranglin , Arthur Reid , Alphonso Roland , Walter Davis , Jackie Mc Lean , Bob Marley , Cuett Johnson , Clue J And His Blues Blasters , Roland Alphonso , Lloyd Clarke , Don Drummond , C. Gray , Eric Marty Morris , Emmanuel Rodriguez , Rico Rodriguez , Chuck Josephs , Chuck And Doddy , Matador All Stars , Daley John Mury, Theophilus Beckford , Harry A Mudie , Count Ossie And The Wareikas , Derrick Harriott , The Jiving Juniors , Winston Stewart , Winston & Barbara , Laurel Aitken And The Blue Beats , Audrey Adams & Rico Rodriguez , Adams Audrey , Cornell Campbell , Chuck & Boddy , Dobson Doddy, A. Robinson , Busty & Cool , Justin Yap , The Angelic Brothers , Ossie Lawrence , Azie Lawrence

 

CDPisteTitreArtiste principalAuteurDuréeEnregistré en
11It 's a low down dirty shameLouis JordanOllie Shepard00:02:491942
12Gi jiveLouis JordanOllie Shepard00:03:001944
13Choo choo ch boogieLouis JordanD. Darling00:02:461946
14Boogie woogie blue plateLouis JordanJoe Bushkin00:02:451947
15Rock bottomGene PhilipsNewman00:02:371947
16T-bone shuffleT-bone WalkerAaron Thibaut00:02:581947
17Killer dillerGene CoyGene Coy00:02:511948
18Reet petite and goneLouis JordanS. Lee00:02:431946
19Willie maeProfessor LonghairR. Byrd00:02:481949
110Page boy shuffleTodd RhodesHenry Glover00:02:381949
111Spoon calls hootieJimmy WitherspoonHenry Glover00:01:411948
112If it's so babyThe RobinsLeonard Terrel00:02:501949
113Rockin' at homeFloyd DixonJay Riggins00:02:501949
114Boogie guitarThe Johnny Otis ShowVeliotes00:02:351949
115San diego bounceHarold LandHarold Land00:02:411949
116Ben fooling aroundProfessor LonghairR. Byrd00:03:011949
117Stack a leeArchibaldGross00:02:291950
118Later for the gatorWillis Gator JacksonW. Jackson00:02:411950
119Street walkin' womanT-bone WalkerWalker T-bone00:03:031950
120Tend to do businessJames WayneWayne00:02:311951
121Train time bluesRoy BrownR. Brown00:02:491950
122No more doggin'Rosco GordonR. Gordon00:02:561952
123My ding a lingDave BartholomewDave Bartholomew00:02:141952
21Lovers lane boogieLittle EstherInconnu00:02:311950
22I found out my troublesThe RobinsInconnu00:02:431950
23Rockin' the blues awayTiny GrimesTiny Grimes00:02:551951
24Rock this morningJesse AllenAllen Jesse Lery00:02:021951
25Chicken bluesBill BrownR.l. Williams00:02:491950
26Rockin' all dayJimmy MccrackinJ. Mccracklin00:02:391950
27Guitar shuffleLowell FulsonLowell Fulson00:02:461951
28You're not the oneSmiley LewisSmiley Lewis00:02:281952
29Hey bartenderFloyd DixonDoosie Terry00:02:471954
210You upset me babyBb KingB.b. King00:03:011954
211Hot little mamaJohnny WatsonJohnny Watson00:03:211955
212Gettin' drunkJohnny WatsonJohnny Watson00:02:411954
213Oop shopShirley Gunter And The QueensShirley Gunter00:02:151954
214Hey hey girlRosco GordonR. Gordon00:02:361955
215Too tiredJohnny WatsonJohnny Watson00:02:431955
216My bop lollipopSpencer BobbySpencer00:02:221956
217Just a gigolo i aint nobodyLouis PrimaJ. Brammer00:04:421956
218Sea cruiseFrancis GuzzoHuey Smith00:02:451959
219I feel goodErnest RanglinOwen Gray00:02:401959
220The jokerAlphonso RolandArthur Reid00:03:071959
221GreasyJackie Mc LeanWalter Davis00:07:231959
222Duke's cookiesInconnuArthur Reid00:02:261960
223Judge notBob MarleyBob Marley00:02:321962
31Rocking in my feetOwen GrayOwen Gray00:04:121962
32SilkyClue J And His Blues BlastersCuett Johnson00:02:491962
33Yard broomRoland AlphonsoRoland Alphonso00:03:131960
34Japanese girlLloyd ClarkeLloyd Clarke00:02:331962
35That man is backDon DrummondDon Drummond00:01:541962
36One cup of coffeeBob MarleyC. Gray00:02:391962
37Midnight trackOwen GrayOwen Gray00:02:461962
38Me and my forty fiveEric Marty MorrisOwen Gray00:02:521962
39MagicRico RodriguezEmmanuel Rodriguez00:02:591962
310Cool schoolChuck And DoddyChuck Josephs00:02:511957
311Bridgeview shuffleMatador All StarsRoland Alphonso00:02:411957
312That's meTheophilus BeckfordTheophilus Beckford00:02:441957
313African shuffleCount Ossie And The WareikasHarry A Mudie00:02:371961
314Over the riverThe Jiving JuniorsDerrick Harriott00:02:041961
315I love youWinston & BarbaraWinston Stewart00:02:331962
316Luke lane shuffleRico RodriguezEmmanuel Rodriguez00:02:531962
317Bouncing womanLaurel Aitken And The Blue BeatsEmmanuel Rodriguez00:02:311961
318Stew peas and cornflakesAudrey Adams & Rico RodriguezEmmanuel Rodriguez00:02:241961
319RosabelleCornell CampbellCornel Campbell00:02:201956
320I was wrongChuck & BoddyChuck Josephs00:02:101961
321What a worldBusty & CoolA. Robinson00:02:151961
322Ten virginsThe Angelic BrothersJustin Yap00:02:281962
323Jamaica bluesAzie LawrenceOssie Lawrence00:02:491961


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